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Fırat Tıp Dergisi
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An Unavoidable Public Health Problem: Ingestion of Corrosive Substance in Children
Derya ALTAY, Yaşar DOĞAN
Fırat Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Gastroenterolojisi Bilim Dalı, Elazığ, Türkiye

Objective: Accidentally ingestion of corrosive substance is an often encountered public health problem in our country. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pediatric patients admitted due to ingestion of corrosive substance to our clinic.

Material and Method: In total 126 pediatric patients were included in this study who admitted to our hospital with ingestion of corrosive substance in the last two years. Medical records of those patients were analysed retrospectively.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 46.48 ±47.93 months and male/female ratio was 1.2. Majority of ingested corrosive substances were alkalis and mostly of them were unbranded bleaches. According to endoscopical evaluation no pathology was detected in 46.8% of patients, and the majority of remaining cases had grade 1 and 2a esophagitis. 17.4% of patients had grade 2b and higher grades of esophagitis. It is observed that corrosive substances such as lime-solve, oil-solve, hydrochloric acid were more caustic on mucous membranes.

Conclusion: Ingestion of easily accessible corrosive substances can cause significant morbidities. It is important to raise the awareness of parents about this issue.


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