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Fırat Tıp Dergisi
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The Effect of Smoking on Nasal Volume and Resonance
Erhan ARSLAN1, Necmi ARSLAN3, SEDA ARSLAN2, Cemile AÇIKGÖZ3, Onur GÜLEL3
1Balıkesir Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Kulak Burun Boğaz Anabilim Dalı, Balıkesir, Türkiye
2Balıkesir Atatürk Şehir Hastanesi, Kulak Burun Boğaz Kliniği, Balıkesir, Türkiye
3Ankara Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Kulak Burun Boğaz Kliniği, Ankara, Türkiye

Objective: Smoking is a common condition in the community and associated with various health problems. Studies showing the effects of smoking on nasal physiology are limited and report conflicting results. In our study, we aimed to investigate the effects of smoking on nasal physiology by using nasometer and acoustic rhinometry.

Material and Method: Thirty active smoker participants and 30 non-smoker subjects were included to study. Acoustic rhinometry was used to measure nasal volumes, and nasometer device was used to measure nasalance that showing nasal resonance.

Results: In the analysis of the acoustic rhinometry data of the participants, it was observed that while there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in the pre-decongestion volumes and minimal cross-sectional area (MCA) values of the left nasal cavities of the patients (p <0.001, p =0.014), no statistically significant difference was observed in all values for right nasal cavity and after decongestion of left nasal cavity (p >0.050). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of nasalance scores (p =0.911).

Conclusion: No significant changes in nasal volume or resonance were observed when the effects of smoking on nasal physiology were examined.


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